Julio G. Nakpil
A Patriot and a Musician
Wednesday, May 23, 2007
Julio Nakpil was born in Quiapo, Manila on May 22, 1867. His parents were Juan Nakpil y Luna and Juana Garcia y Putco. Julio was the fourth of their twelve children, Petrona, Jose, Francisco, Sergio, Maria Concepcion, Lusia, Manuel, Maxima, Maria Encarnacion, Luisa, and Ramon Melecio.
His father earned a living as a musician who played the flute with a local orchestra during fiestas and family occasions. He later became a jeweler, opening his own workshop in Quiapo that became very popular among the opulent.
Julio’s parents enrolled him in the Escuela de Instruccion Primaria, a public elementary school near their house. However, after two years, they decided to withdraw him due to his lack of interest in the stern system of education. So as not to be idle, his parents gave him the task in overseeing their family stable making sure that their coachmen and stable boys were doing their work accordingly. He enjoyed helping care for the horses, riding them at times in the small streams of Arlegui and adjacent areas.
Of course, that did not quell his desire to learn. He loved to read Spanish books, novels, history books, the writings of Jose Rizal and music discourse. Although he took violin and piano lessons, Julio spent more time learning to play these instruments himself, leading him to interpret the works of composers such as Johann Strauss (waltz), Emile Waldteufel (waltz & polka dance music), Philipp Fahrbach ( Viennese dance & army band music ) and Josef Kaulich (polka mazurka stage music). He became so skilled that his popularity among the affluent earned him a good source of income. In between, he became a regular pianist in Malacañang Palace's social functions. Julio then went on to teach piano himself when these performances started to take its toll on his health. Most of his students came from the affluent families where piano experience was mandatory.
In April 27, 1888 he composed (his first) a short polka piece for the piano called Cefiro. This was later to be followed with other pieces such as Ilang-Ilang, Recuerdos de Capiz, Pahimakas, Pasig Pantayanin and Biyak-na-Bato.
At the age of 29, Nakpil heeded the call to help free his country from Spanish rule. He served as the Secretary of Command under Andres Bonifacio using a covert name, J. Giliw. Together with Supremo Isidro Francisco, Nakpil accepted to command the revolution north of Manila. His deep concern for the Katipuneros lack of munitions earned him the task in watching over the funds and purchase of weapons. In one of his missions, he bravely led the extraction of gun powder kegs from the Spanish powder magazines in Morong to resupply the revolutionists in Cavite.
Upon the request of Bonifacio, Julio composed and wrote the lyrics of a national anthem called Marangal na Dalit ng Katagalugan. Unfortunately, General Emilio Aguinaldo preferred the work of a Caviteño named Julian Felipe, which later became Lupang Hinirang. Undaunted, Julio revised his piece and changed its name to Salve Patria.Bonifacio and his siblings Ciriaco and Procopio were soon assasinated. Through personal reports to him by credible and trusted people, Nakpil came into conclusion that Aguinaldo had ordered their deaths on suspicion of plotting a counter-revolution and derailing his ambitions to become President. Nakpil also asserted that his and General Antonio Luna's life were threatened by Aguinaldo.
Several of Nakpil's compositions were inspired by the revolutionaries struggle to regain freedom for the country. An admirer of Jose Rizal, he based the lyrics of his composition Amor Patrio on Rizal’s famous novel Noli Me Tangere.
When Nakpil later retired in Pasig, he became reacquainted with, fell in love with and eventually married Bonifacio’s widow Gregoria de Jesus. She bore him eight children, Juana and Lucia dying in infancy. The others were Juan, Julia, Francisca, Josephina, Mercedes and Caridad. Gregoria served the Katipunan not only as a custodian for their seal, documents, weapons and deciphering the codes of the Katipunan, but also fought with them in the field using lethal weapons against the colonizers.
After decades of surviving historical turbulence, Nakpil focused his remaining years on his music and documenting his memoirs for the Filipino people to appreciate.
Julio Nakpil died on November 2, 1960.
Julio & Greogoria 1922
Historicaly inspired musical pieces of Julio Nakpil:
- La Brisa Nocturna - Habanera
- Ecos De Visayas - Danza for piano
- Noche Tempestuosa - Polska de Salon
- Ilang-Ilang - Mazurka
- La Brisa Aurora - Habanera
- Recuerdoz de Capiz - Habanera
- Luz Poetica de la Aurora
- Exposicion Regional Filipina - (in celebration of the 1st Regional Exposition in the Philippines)
- Sueño Eterno - (funeral march for Gen. Antonio Luna)
- Danza Campestre - Habanera de concierto
- Teatro Luisa - Polka Brillante
- Amor Patrio
- Marangal na Dalit ng Katagalugan
- Pahimakas - (an orchestra & band funeral march inspired by Rizal’s execution in Bagumbayan)
- Pasig Pantayanin - (a military march dedicated to the brave revolutionaries)
- Pamitinan - (plight of Filipinos to the mountains in fear of Spanish oppression)
- Biyak-na-Bato - (inspired by the pact between Gen. Aguinaldo & the Spanish Gov. General)
- Johnny & Little Julia - Boston Waltz for piano
- Salve Patria
- Victory March (orchestra composition dedicated to the members of the U.S. & Philippine military and guerillas who fought in WWII)